Effective HR management involves much more than just recruiting new talent. HR professionals must also be prepared to handle a variety of processes including onboarding, training, compensation and benefits, employee relations, and performance evaluation.
Successful HR managers recognize and understand the key processes of human resource management, and how these processes contribute to employee satisfaction and business growth. In this article, we explore the 8 critical HR processes and offer some insight into how those processes might be improved for the benefit of your team, your employees, and your company.
What is an HR process?
A human resources process is a way of bringing consistency and visibility to a common function of the HR department. This consistency makes it easier for employees to interact with their HR teams and helps HR managers respond to employees with timeliness and accuracy. (It also makes life easier for those HR professionals, who might be used to receiving requests via email.)
Improving these processes is usually the responsibility of the HR specialist or manager. This improvement requires adapting the process in order to:
11 Key processes in human resources
Human resources planning (HRP) is the identification and management of all of an organization’s hiring needs. It involves accounting for an organization’s HR supply, future demands, forecasting, strategy, and implementation. To be effective, HR must balance long and short term staffing needs with business goals and the realities of the business climate.
Recruitment is the process of attracting qualified candidates to interview with (and potentially work for) your company. Your HR specialists own all the necessary steps to recruit talent. This includes posting jobs on sites such as Monster or Indeed and developing compensation packages that are likely to attract and retain the most talented candidates.
HR must also review each application, determine the best fit, conduct phone screens, schedule (and sometimes conduct) formal interviews, initiate background checks, and draft initial offers.
Onboarding is the process of integrating newly-hired employees into the company. More comprehensive than orientation, this process usually takes place over the course of a year.
The amount of variation required in the onboarding process (different roles, requirements, security clearances, etc.) necessitates managing it in an organized fashion. Employee onboarding templates can be leveraged to standardize steps within the process and ensure everyone is on the same page about the schedule and responsibilities.
Performance management is the process of gauging how well employees are doing their jobs and devising ways to help them improve it. Often done on a yearly basis, HR departments are tasked with managing, evaluating, crediting, and addressing each aspect of the performance management process.
Regulatory compliance processes are centered around ensuring organizations and their employees follow the many different regulatory mandates that pertain to them. Regulations generally vary by industry, regulating body, location, and type of work performed.
Effective HR departments drive organizational objectives by managing HR processes but can compromise growth by using manual methods. Repetitive, multi-step tasks and manual interactions among tools are highly prone to human errors and inefficiencies that delay time to action.
To enhance visibility and control, it’s essential to integrate tools and automate manual and repetitive tasks.
Integrations allow you to centralize all employee documents and history in a single place. Gaining end-to-end HR operations improve the team’s efficiency and reduce the chance of errors.
Automation allows organizations to create KPIs around important metrics—such as turnover rates—and offer different choices for creating reports around this data to automate information delivery processes for HR planning. By using tools that automatically send and reply to emails, organizations can standardize and speed up aspects of leave requests, vacation requests, employee onboarding, and employee relations.
They can also pipeline processes related to recruitment—such as sending feedback to candidates when business cards are received—to spend more time on choosing the best candidate instead of just trying not to miss potential opportunities.
11. Better HR processes for everyone
HR plays a critical role in ensuring business success. Giving your HR team the tools they need to be effective and efficient is one way you can make a direct and visible impact in your company.
By making improvements to the 8 key HR processes, you’ll be eliminating waste and redundancy, improving response speeds, and creating a more productive work environment. Most importantly, you’ll be refocusing time and energy so that your team can take care of the people that make your company a success.
Pipefy makes it easy to streamline and organize your HR processes. Standardize forms, integrate tools, and enable end-to-end visibility. Get started today.
Build efficiency and transparency into every HR process with Pipefy
HR processes are wide-ranging and touch many different segments of your business. Without a system to manage these processes, your HR team can become overwhelmed by a sense of disorder, repetition, and a lack of consistency.